They say that flowers are the remains of the Gardens of Eden. They are grown, as a rule, in order to admire them in the garden, decorate dwellings and give them to women. And what to give the representatives of the strong half of humanity? There is one flower - beautiful, elegant, but at the same time courageous. His name is gladiolus.
They say that for the first time gladioli grew up in the place where two friends stuck their swords, refusing to fight each other. This is just a beautiful legend, but the gladiolus really deserves attention, and we will tell you a little about it.
Storage of planting material
One gladiolus is already a whole bouquet, luxurious, generous, and growing several gladioli is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. Some people are embarrassed that the bulbs of the plant need to be dug up and stored somewhere before planting, but you plant ordinary onions every year and dig them out every autumn, and then store the sets until the next planting, and the turnips for food. So how difficult is it to dig up and store gladiolus bulbs until spring?
You can keep the bulbs of the plant in the basement, suspended in nets, previously wrapped in newspapers. It is only necessary to take into account that thrips can lurk in the short remains of the stems. To avoid pest infestation of the bulbs, cut the stems of the gladioli as close to the bulbs as possible.
And you also need to keep in mind that the bulbs are aging: five years is the limit of their life, so do not expect bright flowering from such planting material: the flowers will be small and faded.
Reproduction of gladioli
Most often, gladioli are propagated by daughter bulbs - children who give life to new, healthy plants. Experimental tip: Try growing a few flower arrowheads from an ordinary one-sprout bulb. To do this, turn the bulb on its side when planting, or even turn it upside down. This will stimulate the dormant buds to grow, and your gladiolus can turn into a bush.
Preparing the bulbs for planting
In the spring, the bulbs need to be taken out of storage, carefully examined, the spoiled and lethargic ones should be separated, and the ones suitable for planting should be placed on a light windowsill so that they sprout. But before that, it is advisable to hold the planting material in a solution of a fungicide or potassium permanganate. Bulbs are planted in open ground in April or early May.
Sprouted gladiolus bulbs
Where to plant gladiolus and how to care for it
Of course, direct sunlight contributes to the abundant flowering of gladiolus, but gladioli also feel good in light partial shade. Flowers need watering, and at the very beginning of the growing season - daily. Gladioli will need and top dressing with potash, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers, on which not only the number of flowers depends, but also their size.
The choice of flowers to grow next to gladioli is also very important, although gladioli are luxurious in themselves. It is best to surround gladioli with low-growing plants with a long flowering period.
You should not plant gladioli one at a time, because at the same time their effectiveness is leveled. It is better to plant the bulbs in groups of five or seven, in small oases, and then during flowering they will look like bouquets.
Different varieties of gladioli are well combined with each other - in color and in the shape of flowers.
Schoolchildren will carry bouquets of solemn, lush flowers on September 1, and it will look like a parade of gladioli. Gladiolus arrows can stand in the water for a very long time, and when the lower flowers begin to dry out, they are simply cut off.
Briefly about the care of gladioli - in the following video:
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Irisaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Iris (Iris)
Gladiolus varieties - photo, name and description
There is probably no gardener who does not grow these wonderful flowers. Many gladiolus lovers are developing new varieties, as these plants easily create hybrids. More than 200 years have passed since the first hybrid was grown. Since then, gardeners have received about 5,000 varieties. The most popular varieties of gladioli with photos and names are described below.
- Varietal variety
- Varieties from Russian breeders
- Snow White
- Winter's tale
- Mother winter
- Moscow white stone
- Royal gift
- Berendey's gifts
- Green cockatoo
- Peacock feather
- Wax fantasy
- Unexpected joy
- Indian summer
- Canary solo
- Donna Maria
- Flower of hope
- Orange mirage
- Ballet star
- Obvious incredible
- Salmon palette
- Jo Ann
- Pink palette
- Love me Love
- Enchanted Olga
- Dew in emerald
- Charm of love
- Great temptation
- Robin the Hood
- Give me a smile
- Raspberry palette
- Cherry tree
- Lilac palette
- Hungarian lilac
- Blue palette
When to dig up gladioli and how to store it?
After the skewer has completely bloomed (this happens by mid-late September), its upper part is cut off at the root, and the tuber is carefully removed from the ground. For the convenience of the process, the flower can be pre-watered. The bulb is cleared of the ground, thoroughly dried, the tubers of the early varieties are dug out first, and young and medium-sized bulbs are extracted from the ground last.
To prevent the growth of bacteria during storage, the tubers can be pickled in a hot solution of potassium permanganate (about + 60 ° C); for these purposes, the "Fitosporin", "Maxima" remedy is also suitable. After 20-25 minutes, the tubers are taken out of the hot bath, dried for about two weeks in a dry and cool place, then wrapped in paper, removed to a cold environment.
How to store gladioli in the winter at home? For these purposes, a cellar or refrigerator (compartment for storing vegetables) is suitable. In winter, once a month, do not be lazy to take out the bulbs, inspect them, ventilate them. You can put several peeled garlic cloves in a container with tubers - this will create additional protection against diseases during storage. The teeth should be periodically replaced with fresh ones. With the onset of spring, the bulbs can be planted back into the soil, giving new life to a new generation of flowers. Remember that the life span of tubers is 4 years. Do not take too large old bulbs for storage - this is a waste material that is no longer suitable for planting. Small young bulbs will not give a lush bloom, this should also be taken into account.
When to get gladioli from the refrigerator for germination? The best time to awaken the bulbs from their winter sleep is 25-30 days before planting. Carefully inspect each tuber for rot, parasites, or any damage. Excess husks must be removed, if there is slight damage, cut off, after which it is necessary to etch the planting material again as described above (potassium permanganate, "Maxima", "Fitosporin", "Karbofos"). Places of cuts can be covered with ordinary brilliant green. A dry and light, but not sunny place is perfect for sprouting bulbs, but they need to be spread out on clean paper with the bottom down. 48 hours before planting the bulbs, it is recommended to find an area illuminated by the sun and spread them on a damp cloth (moisten it as it dries) - this way, you will stimulate the growth of root buds.
Bulbs ready for planting, photo:
They pose a great danger to gladioli when grown on alkaline and neutral soils.
Scab is recognized as the most common disease.
The tops of the leaves turn yellow, and at the bottom of the plant, spots of a red-brown hue are formed. Subsequently, they are transformed into stripes along the leaves. The leaves rot, the stem breaks at the base. On the corm, spots are also formed. First yellow, then brown. During the storage period, the spread of the disease is not observed. Before planting, the scab is cleaned off and the cut site is treated with brilliant green. Scab control products are ineffective. The best technique would be to sample healthy material and carefully follow the requirements of agricultural technology.
The main carriers of the disease are nematodes and soil bacteria. A build-up forms at the bottom, premature germination of children may occur. In case of illness, the peduncles become less durable, the flowers are small, the decorativeness of gladioli decreases. To cope with the disease, it is necessary to thoroughly sterilize the soil, destroy diseased gladioli and carry out the pre-planting treatment of corms with "Fundazol". The disease does not occur very often, but it is dangerous for nearby growing cultivated plants.
Description of the gladiolus flower
The flowering plant gladiolus belongs to the Iris family. Africa is considered one of the places of origin, it is there that most of the wild species of this flower live. For a long time in the world, it was considered more of an edible than an ornamental plant - so in the Mediterranean countries, flour for flatbreads was prepared from its corms, combining them with ordinary onions. During the Middle Ages, bread was even baked from such flour.
The real popularity of gladiolus came in the 16th century, when European gardeners became interested in it, and after the introduction of South African varieties, breeders. Today he has several thousand garden hybrid varieties, differing in size, shape and timing of the appearance of flowers. Unlike many other flowering plants, gladioli boast an almost complete palette of possible colors, including pale green and burgundy black. The corms of a plant can also have a different color: they are yellowish, pink, almost white or very dark. At the same time, varieties tend to degenerate: most of them begin to lose their qualities after ten years of cultivation. They are being replaced by new, improved and even more spectacular specimens of gladioli. But there are also varieties that can exist for more than a dozen years without losing their durability and decorative effect.
- When purchasing bulbs, you should only look for zoned varieties. Gladioli brought from warmer regions will not live long in a different climate. So Dutch specimens in mid-latitude will be able to please with beautiful flowering for only one, the very first year. Very often small-flowered specimens grow from them.
- Gladioli should not be grown in one place for more than two years. After that, the plants should be moved to another area of the site. It is desirable that the composition of the soil in the new place differs from the previous one. You can change the drop-off site annually.
- The place chosen for planting must meet all the requirements of the plant, in addition, it depends on the climate. Gladioli prefer the sun, so it is undesirable to choose dark places for them. This rule especially applies to late varieties. Early varieties are able to withstand a slight partial shade, but the flowering time will shift slightly. In the northern regions, flowers can only be planted in a well-lit area.
- A flowerbed with plantings should be well ventilated. Such site selection will protect plants from the development of fungal diseases.
- Planting large bulbs along with small ones can harm the latter. Direct neighborhood with large specimens oppresses children. It is recommended to distribute the planting material on the garden bed in ascending order of size. The largest bulbs can be planted separately from the rest.
- 3-4 days before planting, dense scales should be removed from the baby bulbs: the sprouts may not break through them. After planting, such onions are watered every other day.
- The depth of the bulb depends on its size and the quality of the soil. In light soils, the planting depth should be about four of its diameters, and in heavy soil, three will be enough. Insufficient depth will lead to the fact that the arrow will have to be tied up, and with excessive flowering, you can not wait at all.
- In the summer, gladioli should be watered abundantly once a week. During a prolonged drought, slightly more frequent watering is required. After moistening, the soil around the bulbs should be loosened, the plantings should be earthed and all weeds should be pulled out.
- Flowers growing in sandy loam soil require regular foliar dressing.
- Preventive treatments for pests and diseases are recommended to be carried out monthly or twice a month. Preventing such problems is easier than curing plants.
- Timely removal of wilting flowers will preserve the strength of the bulb: thanks to this, it will not waste energy on the ovary.
- Proper digging and storage of gladioli bulbs is very important to maintain the quality of the planting material.
Growing poppy seeds.
Poppy (Papaver) is a herbaceous flowering plant related to the Poppy family, where scientists have been able to count about a hundred species that originate from Australia, Europe and Asia. Wild poppy plantings prefer temperate and subtropical climates. Steppes, deserts, rocky slopes are the main location of the plant. Poppy is grown as a decorative flower in a personal plot and is used for medicinal purposes.
There are a number of countries where the government has banned the cultivation of this plant. The reason is that in the tissues of individual representatives of the Makovs there are narcotic substances. The industrial use of poppy also takes place. The flower is bred to produce seed pods. Raw materials contain opium - one of the main components of medicinal preparations with hypnotic and analgesic effects.
The value and useful properties of poppy were recognized even by the inhabitants of Ancient Rome, so for a long time they studied how opium affects the body. The name of the species, translated from Latin, means "father" who tries to calm his children and gives them poppy seeds.
In the Middle Ages, in the countries of Asia Minor, professing Islam, it was forbidden to consume alcoholic beverages, but opium smoking was legalized. Over time, the custom of smoking opium gained popularity in the rest of the eastern states. In China, this tradition has become one of the most widespread. Since 1820, the Chinese authorities have banned the import of "dope", but the restriction was lifted after the country was defeated in the war with the British, which received a large income from the export of opium. Today, cultivated poppy species are cultivated in India, China and other Central Asian countries. In our regions, you can often see red poppy heads in flower beds or rockeries.