If the owners managed to buy a summer cottage in winter or spring, then it is quite difficult to improve it in a season. True, you will plant the beds, but it is difficult to break beautiful flower beds, because many plants begin to bloom and acquire decorativeness only by the second year. The only option is to buy or grow annual flowers for the flower bed on the windowsills. Their growing season is so short that many plants start blooming as early as May. The main thing is to correctly combine and select varieties so that the flower beds look spectacular throughout the season.
Features of ripening and flowering of annuals
When buying seeds of annuals, you need to tune in to the fact that your flower bed will bloom not earlier than mid-May, even if you grow seedlings at home, on the windowsills. With direct sowing in the ground, the plants will bloom even later - by June. And the reason is not only that most annuals give their first flowers 40-45 days after seed germination. The rate of maturation of plants will also be influenced by the weather. If May turns out to be cold, in frosts, then the sprouted sprouts will be easily damaged, stop growing, and their growing season will increase. Even the most unpretentious marigolds do not like the contrasts of night and day temperatures. Therefore, gardeners have an unspoken rule: to plant seedlings only after the end of the May frosts, and if they were sown directly into the ground, then cover them with spunbond or other non-woven material at night.
Annuals in containers: rescue for spring beds
The only way to make flower beds bloom in April is to decorate them with beautiful annuals in pots and containers. Seeds are planted at home in containers from the beginning of January in order to get vigorous seedlings covered with flower buds by the end of spring.
A flowerbed of pots can stand in this form until the beginning of June, and then all the seedlings are transplanted into open ground
For these purposes, ampelous petunias, calendula, lobelia and marigolds are well suited. They begin to sow them in the middle of winter, and to speed up the growing season, the seedlings are additionally highlighted until March. Already at the end of April, beautiful flowers will bloom in pots and containers, which can be displayed in flower beds during the day. True, by the evening, the beauty will have to be hidden in the veranda so as not to freeze.
Some cunning summer residents, who arrange small flower beds in this way (up to a meter in diameter), manage to save the plants by not dragging them back and forth. To do this, they build a kind of wigwam from wooden stakes, a high pole and lutrasila:
- First, a pole is hammered in the center of the flower bed (certainly round!).
- Around it, they fill the space with containers with flowers, installing them in several tiers.
- Pegs are driven in along the edge of the flower bed.
- Lutrasil is sewn from two canvases in the form of a wide sleeve, whose diameter should be slightly larger than the diameter of the flower bed.
- The top of the sleeve is tied to the upper point of the pole, and the lower part of the shelter is straightened on pegs and pressed to the ground with pebbles.
- For the day, the lower part of the shelter is rolled up and tied to a pole.
To make such a structure look aesthetically pleasing during the day, you can hide the lutrasil in a bright linen cover, putting it directly on the pole. It seems to be a lot of trouble. But having made a wigwam once, you will use it for several seasons.
In the first picture, the flowerbed is covered with lutrasil and pressed with pebbles, in the second, the shelter is tied to a pole, and the stones act as a border, located between the pegs
There is a video on this topic:
Monoclumba of annuals blooming all season
If you don't want to bother with the selection of plants, but you want to preserve the original landscape, we advise you to create monoclumba from one annual plant, which has a long flowering period. Today, many varieties have been developed with different flower colors, therefore, having bought several bags, you will decorate the area in the form of bright color spots. The most spectacular are miniature flower beds in the form of circles or squares, randomly located on the lawn.
You can use the following annuals for a mono style flower bed:
Option # 1 - Ageratum
It begins to bloom from the end of May and does not stop until the October frost. Densely planted plants resemble a terry rug because they bloom very profusely. Ageratum is absolutely not afraid of moisture, but even weak frosts can spoil the decorative effect of the leaves. It grows up to half a meter. The best varieties for mono flowers are dwarf (10-30 cm). It should be borne in mind that the degree of growth also depends on the illumination. In partial shade, the ageratum begins to stretch upward, reducing the number of flowers, but lengthening the stem.
The square shape of mini-flower beds, filled with fluffy ageratum bushes, is in perfect harmony with green inserts from lawn grass or ground cover plants
The following varieties are suitable for color spots:
- White bouquet (up to 25 cm high). The color of the flowers is naturally white;
- Blue mink (up to 25 cm high). Color - blue-blue;
- Kalinka (up to 20 cm high). Color - burgundy red;
- Raspberry (up to 20 cm high). Color - crimson;
- Pink ball (up to 25 cm high). Color - pink-lilac.
If there is a desire to create multi-colored spots, then you can plant a variety of Aztec treasures, where seeds of different colors are mixed.
Color spots from different varieties of ageratum, scattered throughout the site in the form of miniature flower beds, will look decorative until winter
Option # 2 - Alyssum (Lobularia)
This is a ground cover plant that fills the area offered to it with a dense carpet up to 20 cm high. Even weeds rarely break through it. It has an incredibly pleasant, honey aroma, so for those who keep hives, it is very beneficial in terms of feeding the bees. Dislikes fresh organic matter and acidic soils. In dry summers it requires watering. Blooms from June to late autumn.
The following varieties are used for monoclumbus:
- Pink rug. It takes root better if grown in seedlings, and then transplanted into the ground. The flowers are small, pink in color.
- Snow carpet. One of the most unpretentious varieties. It reproduces well by planting seeds directly into the ground, and next summer it will sprout by self-sowing, if you do not pull out the bushes for the winter, but do it in early spring. It is very densely covered with small white flowers and looks like it was doused with milk.
- Gold placer or Gold wave. Spectacular bright yellow variety. Unlike the previous ones, it does not creep on the ground, but grows like small balls. Therefore, the flower bed will have an undulating relief.
- Magic circles. Light purple inflorescences look very decorative. Dislikes heat and reacts to it by stopping flowering. In a summer like this, alissum can shed leaves and flowers. In this case, gardeners recommend cutting off the aerial part so that young shoots can take root. By August, the plant will bloom again and will delight until winter.
Even after the first October frosts, most of the flowers and leaves of alyssum will remain “alive” until the final cold snap sets in.
Even narrow gaps in rocky hills can be filled with different varieties of alyssum, although it is better to sow seeds in such places than to dive seedlings
Option # 3 - Salvia
An excellent option for flower beds framed by shorter annuals. The plant itself has a height of up to 40 cm, 20 of which are in the inflorescence. It blooms for a very long time, until late autumn, but it has a long growing season. For the salvia to bloom, at least 3 months must pass. Therefore, the only option for growing it is by seedling on windowsills or in greenhouses, followed by planting on flower beds.
Salvia has a huge number of varieties of different colors, but no more than two tones are usually combined in flower beds so that the flower garden does not look too colorful
To cover a not too decorative stem, it is better to frame the beds with salvia with some kind of undersized plant, for example, cineraria.
Bright red salvia, framed with silvery cineraria, looks solemn and impressive, delighting the owners with flowering until late autumn, but both annuals require early sowing of seeds
Annual flowers for decoration of multi-colored flower beds
If you need to create a flower garden in the form of thin streams running along the paths or framing the patio area, then undersized marigolds are ideal. Not everyone knows that this plant can be cut into a geometrically even shape. At the same time, it does not in any way reduce the degree of flowering, maintaining its decorative effect even after the first autumn frosts.
Marigolds will not only decorate any flower bed, but also heal the soil, because they emit special phytoncides that kill parasites and fungal spores
Purslane thrives on unfertilized and poor soils. The peculiarity of this undersized plant is the needle-like shape of the leaves, which together look like a furry herringbone. But the flowers are large, bright, and when closed (before the rain) resemble rosebuds. This plant can be used both in alpine slides and along the edges of a mixed flower bed.
Purslane flowers look stunning both open and closed, and from the moment of flowering they give out a large number of lush double flowers
And finally, a couple of patterns of annual flower beds that grow well in the sun and in partial shade:
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Secrets of decorating flower beds from summer gardens
The most ceremonial, bright, abundant flowering, suitable for experiments and saving from boredom - such flower beds from summer gardens have long been for every gardener.
Despite the fact that annual plants require increased care, they have no equal in their ability to bloom from the beginning of summer until the autumn frosts. Flower beds made from seasonal plants are truly inimitable precisely for the splendor and palette of their flowering.
Even taking into account all their shortcomings, at least one summer garden should be arranged in any garden. Moreover, this type of decorative ensembles is the easiest to arrange and use.
A flower garden of annuals. © Jeffrey Friedl
Not quite temporary flower beds
Summer flower beds are often called temporary beds, but it would be more accurate to call them changeable. Indeed, despite the fact that each version of the flower garden exists for only 1 season, it does not necessarily have to be transferred from place to place or replaced with another object in the future.
In most cases, the area for the flower garden from the summer gardens and the basis of its design remain unchanged, and from year to year they are only filled with new plants. Therefore, "temporary" is not an entirely accurate epithet.
Of course, summer flower beds can also be broken in place of future perennial "permanent" compositions, as a seasonal concealer at the stage of garden arrangement, but most often summer flower beds are separate objects with their own special purpose.
In the design of the garden, flower beds and beds, in the design of which only annual or seasonal crops are used, play many roles.
They are also an ideal choice for those for whom the usual and modest flowering of perennials and shrubs seems to be not enough, for fans of the abundant flowering show that continues throughout the season, and for those who want to decorate the garden with the brightest color spots, and for fans of those crops that cannot winter in our climate. ...
Whatever the task for such a flower garden is not set, it is a quick and luxurious way of transforming and decorating a garden, which does not require serious measures and efforts at the stage of decoration, but it needs constant care.
Summer flower beds are not so simple and hassle-free
Summer flower beds can hardly be called trouble-free and easy to design, if the seedlings for such flower beds are grown independently. They can really be created without hassle, only if you use purchased seedlings or ready-made plants.
In this case, the florist has only one task - to successfully place crops over the area of the flower garden and to prevent misses when planting. If you grow all plants from seeds or cuttings, then you will have to work hard before decorating the flower beds.
But the result will also be unique, the varieties will be exclusive, and in the range of species and colors you will not be limited by anything. So for those who like to deal with seedlings, this process will be a pleasure.
A flower garden of Violas, or Pansies. © LisaIson
The variety of flower beds from the summer gardens knows no boundaries
Summer flower beds are very different. Some are flat, others suggest a raised vertical structure, a combination of low, medium and tall plants.
Monospecific solutions and "solid" spots are by no means more common than flower beds, in which several different types are mixed with each other and in fact repeat the design motives of ordinary flower beds.
Not to mention the fact that today some summer flower beds are not broken in a horizontal plane, but in a vertical one, using various designs to create flower beds. And in each individual case, you should choose the form and content for the flower garden from the summer gardens, not forgetting about the basic principles and norms:
- the laws of building garden compositions
- garden style
- tastes and character of its owners
- color concept of design in general
- a decorative task (compensation for a lack of color or lush flowering, masking, introducing ceremonial elements, revitalizing boring areas, emphasizing style, giving the garden fullness at the very beginning of the arrangement, etc.).
All summer flower beds can be divided into several categories:
- large flower beds of a large area - solid, strict geometric or natural shapes and filling, carpet or embossed
- small flower beds-islands
- serial or modular flower beds in which small fragments are repeated, separated by paths or borders
- mixborders with mixed plant composition
- narrow borders.
Small flower gardens-islands can be made from one type of annual plants, but for the beauty of the composition it is best to combine from two to five different types of summer plants. They are usually performed in the form of relief compositions with an interesting play of the height of the elements, which enliven the lawn or fill voids and glades.
Summer flower beds, large in area, open up the most unlimited possibilities for finding design ideas. Thematic or simple, such flower beds from summer gardens can be performed, realizing your wildest fantasies.
In large flower beds, it is allowed to use from 8 to 10 species of annual plants. In such a flower bed, you can play on a harmonious or contrasting color palette, dilute flowering plants with calm deciduous spots, create various ornaments and patterns.
Not to mention the fact that you can make a large flower garden carpet, plant plants of approximately the same height in it, or, conversely, play on contrasts, using, as in ordinary perennial flower beds, low, medium and high crops, transferring carpet areas to lush thickets and vertical accents.
Various fabulous and geometric motifs, interesting contours and unusual solutions with clearly visible patterns and ornaments are very popular today.
Flower beds from summer gardens, made according to the principle of a cake cut into pieces or a clock dial, the use of checkerboard sections, smooth lines, as if ribbons of white-flowering or decorative leafy plants running through flower beds, combinations of various geometric shapes "inscribed" one in another, imitation of a fish or bird's tail, various animals, insects and silhouettes on a contrasting background, etc.
Mixed ridges or mixborders from summer houses are usually performed near buildings or fences, in the form of narrow ribbon flower beds and dividers.
Mixborders can be multi-level, classic, with a one-sided or two-sided view, in which the whole composition is perfectly viewed from different sides. You can also create carpet mixborders from annuals.
The clear gradation from tall and giant annuals in the background or midline to the carpet foot of the foreground with medium-sized fillings allows for full and expressive ensembles.
Summer borders always look like lush and spectacular framing lines and add fabulousness to the whole design.
Most often, narrow borders from a single species of plants are used in the frame of garden paths or around a recreation area, but planting them with unusual smooth lines or curls will diversify the pattern of a lawn or a meadow with ground covers no worse than classic flower beds.
Summer curbs are now more and more popular in regular landscaping styles as a means of quick correction and placement of geometric accents where the style is not expressive enough.
A modular or serial flower garden today is no longer considered a traditional element of only regular gardens and has long become one of the fashion trends in all modern projects. Divided into individual cells or sectors, the flower beds open up a completely new perspective of design.
Serial flower beds always look splendid, neat and elegant. Clearly delineated boundaries allow you to take risks with the choice of colors and their combination. For modular flower beds, annuals of approximately the same height are traditionally used.
Flowering and decorative deciduous plants can be freely combined with each other. Separate sectors of a serial flower garden are traditionally filled with one summer garden, creating a kind of cells of different colors.
But you can fill fragments of serial flower beds with compositions of 3-5 different plants, planting them ornamental or strictly, creating an even greater effect of a patterned flower bed.
Transplanting seedlings of annual flowers
Letniki young and old
The huge assortment of annuals allows you to use not only different colors and textures, but also crops with completely different heights. Their choice is sufficient in order to diversify the vertical structure of compositions from summer houses, to achieve various effects and influence on the surrounding space.
Favorite carpet types of annuals or the shortest annuals allow you to create a dense texture of flower beds, carpets and various contrasting patterned transitions.
Annual dahlias, miniature varieties of coleus, ever-flowering begonia, seaside cineraria, ageratum and other low annuals create strikingly beautiful compositions in the sectors of modular flower beds or in the foreground of flower beds.
Medium-sized annuals - expressive, bright, profusely flowering - are irreplaceable as basic plants for almost all types of summer gardens. The favorites of modern design include pinnate celosia, verbena, marigolds, calendula and many other species.
Among the annual crops, there are also giants that will perfectly cope with the task of placing accents and creating visual peaks in any flower bed. Amaranths, cleoma, lavatera and the truly impressive castor oil plant are just a few of the popular and fashionable crops.
On summer garden flower beds, you can also use annual vines - bright morning glory, nasturtium, ornamental beans, sweet peas, tunbergia, kobei, etc. Lianas can be planted not only as a ground cover, but also placed as accents on pyramids, obelisks or other species figured supports.
Flowering and non-flowering seedlings require a different approach
There are many nuances in the choice of seedlings for drawing up a beautiful flower garden from summer gardens.
It is preferable to use already flowering strong plants with formed bushes for planting. And, of course, those varieties and species, in the timing of flowering of which you are sure.
When using already flowering summer houses, you can easily, right on the spot, draw up a color concept, check combinations and place crops so as to reveal their beauty in the most effective way.
In addition, with the seedlings already beginning to bloom, one can quite objectively assess the dimensions of the plant and the density of the composition and not be tormented by any doubts.
If you are using younger seedlings, on which the first buds have not yet formed and the first flowers have not opened, the bushes are still far from the maximum dimensions, then you will have to carefully check all the information on the size of the plants, carefully draw sketches and calculate the color scheme "on paper", check plates on the seedlings, so as not to get confused when planting it.
Large flower bed of annuals
Sketches shouldn't be ignored
Never waste time planning and sketching. Even if we are talking about the simplest scheme, the time spent on it will more than pay off with an impeccable result.
It is not at all necessary to have an artistic talent to draw up a sketch.
Simple color spots and symbols will help create a prototype of the future flower garden on paper and avoid major mistakes in combining flowers and plants.
The timing of flowering is easy to select
Difficulties with the selection of the timing of flowering when using classic annuals usually does not arise. After all, all annual crops bloom almost simultaneously: from late spring or early summer to the very frost.
The only exception is the use of other seasonal plants that do not winter in the soil (tuberous, corms and other dug out crops) on flower beds from summer gardens, the flowering period of which is limited in time. And also letnikov blooming for only a couple of weeks.
In this case, the flowering time of the soloists must be taken into account in the overall composition, noting when the planned plantings reach the peak of their flowering, which partners will best reveal their beauty.
Not thickening or thinning is the main task
When planting summer plants, it is very important to take into account the recommended distance to neighbors for each individual plant species.
If placed too rarely, such a flower garden will look sloppy and careless; if it is too dense, the plants will develop poorly, hurt, or may not bloom at all.
For each individual species, it is imperative to check what is the average value for the recommended distances and do not depart from these parameters by a single centimeter.
In flower beds from summer gardens, the power of the plant's influence on the composition, the disclosure of color and beauty, impression and image are very important. Plants are never planted one at a time: the larger the group of identical seedlings (and a group here can be understood as a line in one row), the better the beauty of the plant will be revealed.
The diligence shown in the selection of the distance between the seedlings and in their placement in as effective groups as possible will allow you to get the most colorful compositions.
A flower bed of annual flowers
Landing is the easiest
It is quite easy to create flower beds from summer gardens in practice. The main thing is to take care of the accurate marking of the territory of the flower bed and lay out all the drawings in advance, limit the planting zones with a thick cord or twine.
Observing the necessary distance, on the territory of the flower garden, first place the seedlings in their places (if it is already blooming, then you can easily adjust the plan on the ground), and then one by one they plant the plants in individual planting holes, monitoring the planting depth for each species and watering the plants abundantly ...
It is better to complete the arrangement of the flower garden from the summer gardens not only with abundant watering, but also by mulching the soil, which will greatly simplify maintenance and save time on weeding, loosening the soil and increase the pauses between waterings.
Think about the curb
If we are not talking about a flower garden already framed with paths or paving, modular flower beds, then it is worth thinking about the design of the edges. After planting the main plants, they are engaged in installing a decorative border around the flower garden from the summer gardens or planting plants along the contour of the flower bed, which will create a beautiful plant frame.
Small and large decor
In compositions from annuals, accessories are never superfluous.
From special lighting, which will emphasize both the color scheme and the structure of the compositions, will rivet attention to the flower beds in the dark, to unusual decorative elements in the form of garden sculptures, large boulders, snags, old repainted utensils or several containers with summer houses growing in them - any accents that better reveal the intention of the composition and make it complete can be considered appropriate.
Standard requirements for growing conditions and not quite - for care
Without exception, all flower gardens from the summer gardens require almost the same conditions at the place of growing plants and are characterized by universal, average requirements for soil and lighting, with the exception of some nuances. Plants that need different conditions are never combined with each other, choosing species in such a way that the flower garden environment is comfortable for any culture.
For annual flower beds, you can choose only open sunny and warm areas. Despite the presence of lovers of partial shade and shade, most summer plants still remain light-loving plants. Yes, and a full-fledged lush blooming composition of shade-tolerant annuals is unlikely to be created.
The soil on an annual flower garden must be thoroughly worked out in advance.
It is not only dug up twice and loosened, but also organic and mineral fertilizers are necessarily applied to improve the soil, which will provide the plants with all the nutrients they need to start growth and flowering.
At the same time, the choice of fertilizers should be carried out taking into account the dislike of almost all annuals for fresh manure and compost (it is necessary to use high-quality and mature organic matter). But the reaction of the soil is selected in accordance with the requirements of the entire plant community, selected for it.
Caring for a flower garden from the summer gardens cannot be called super difficult, but it must be constant. Not a single annual plant, even among the drought-resistant species, will refuse watering in the hottest season of the year, and most of the abundant favorite crops require regular water procedures.
To maintain the stability of flowering until the arrival of the first frosts, it is necessary to provide each species planted on a flower garden with the necessary feeding. Removing wilting flowers or the obligatory pruning after the first wave of flowering also does not simplify the care of such beds.
In the absence of mulching, both weeding and loosening of the soil will be needed.
Consider some traditional patterns of annual flower beds
To obtain a flower bed of a bluish-purple hue, plants of the corresponding colors are needed:
The size of plants from the center of the flower bed - 25 cm decreases towards the edges - 10 cm. Such a composition will bloom and amaze with its beauty from the warmest days to mid-September.
A colorful and bright flower bed can attract the attention of a variety of butterflies. Used in the flower garden:
This arrangement of annual flower beds is suitable for round flower beds. The composition consists of:
The color scheme of plants should completely match the colors in the diagram. The height of the flower bed in the center is 55 - 60 cm, and at the very edge - 15 cm.
Caring for annual flower beds
It takes a lot of time to create a flower bed correctly and beautifully, but it is quite simple to take care of flower arrangements. Naturally, all flowers love moisture. For annual plants, watering is required in moderate doses, since most of them do not tolerate stagnant liquid. If the summer is rainy, then it is not recommended to water the beds of annuals, and if the weather is dry, then watering should be regular (approximately 1 watering every 3-4 days). It is better to do this after sunset so that moisture droplets do not damage the plantings.
For long-term flowering, plants should receive regular (every 2.5 - 3.5 weeks) feeding. The type of fertilizer is selected depending on the structure of the soil under the flower garden.
You can use both mineral and organic fertilizers. If the structure of the soil cover is not known, then it is advisable to use complex, universal fertilizers, examples of which are shown in the figure.
Some types of annuals (for example, lobelia, phlox) require regular loosening of the soil around their root system. This is necessary for their growth and development. All flowers must be weeded out in a timely manner, otherwise weeds can completely destroy the rhizomes of ornamental plants.
If the selected annual flowers for the flower bed can bloom several times per season, then it is necessary to constantly remove dried inflorescences and other damaged plant areas from the flower garden. This procedure will avoid rotting flowers and various diseases that can destroy plants.
With the modern abundance of choice of annuals, each person, using the recommendations, will easily create unique flower beds on their site. It can be as flower beds of one type of plants (monoclumba), and various alpine slides, vertical flower beds, mixborders, arabesques (flower beds in the form of animal images). And if the flower beds are carefully and timely looked after, then they will delight the owners for a long time with abundant flowering and amazing beauty.
Video about annual flowers
Caring for flower beds from annual plants
It will take quite a lot of time to beautifully and correctly organize a flower garden, but taking care of flower arrangements is quite simple. Of course, all plants love water. For annual plantations, watering in moderate doses will be required, since most of these flowers cannot tolerate stagnant moisture. When the summer is rainy, it is undesirable to water annual flower beds, and when dry weather persists for a long time, watering must be constant (approximately one watering every 4-5 days). It is advisable to do this after sunset, so that the water droplets do not damage the plants.
For long flowering, all bushes must receive constant (every 2-3 weeks) bait. A specific type of fertilizer is selected based on the structure of the soil under the flower bed.
Both organic and mineral supplements can be used. When the soil cover structure is not known, it is best to use universal, complex groundbaits.
Certain varieties of annual flowers (for example, phlox, lobelia) require constant loosening of the earth around their root system. This is required for their development and growth. All plants must be weeded on time, otherwise weeds can completely destroy the rhizomes of decorative flowers.
When the selected annual plants for the flower garden have the opportunity to bloom several times in one year, then it is necessary to remove dry inflorescences and other damaged parts of flowers from the flower bed all the time. This procedure will make it possible to prevent decay of plants and various diseases that can destroy the flower.
As you saw, the scheme of annual flower beds can be quite simple, but at the same time the flower bed will come out quite beautiful and spectacular. The most important thing is to choose the right timing of flowering, the combination of shades, as well as the height of the plants. Choose any of the options you like and bring it to life on your site.