Information About Clivia

Information About Clivia

Outdoor Clivia Lily Care: Learn About Growing Clivia Lilies Outdoors

By Mary Ellen Ellis

Clivia lily is becoming more popular with gardeners around the world. It is mostly used as a houseplant, but clivia lily in the garden can provide beautiful clumps of foliage and flowers in warmer regions. Learn more about growing them in the garden here.

Clivia Bloom Cycle: Tips On Getting Clivias To Rebloom

By Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

Once you get it home, clivia blooms may fade, leaving you wondering how to make the plant rebloom. This article can help. Click here to learn about the clivia bloom cycle and tips on forcing clivia to bloom again.

Clivia Seed Germination: How Do I Germinate Clivia Seeds

By Liz Baessler

Clivia is a fascinating plant but can get very expensive if bought full grown. Luckily, it can be grown relatively easy from its large seeds. Use the information in this article to learn more about clivia seed germination and growing clivia by seed.

How to Care for the Clivia Plant

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The bright orange-to-yellow flowers of clivia plants (Clivia species) add a warm and tropical flair to the landscape. These South African natives produce dark green, sword-shaped leaves that provide a contrasting texture to the foliage of woody evergreen and deciduous plants. Although clivias grow well in containers in any zone, they thrive when planted outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Clivia plants require partial to full shade and fast-draining loamy soils to produce healthy growth.

Spread a 1-inch layer of mulch around the clivia plant with a rake. Keep the mulch 4 to 6 inches from the base of the plant to avoid rot.

Water the clivia plant when the top 1 to 2 inches of soil become dry during the active growing season using a garden hose. Keep the soil moist but never soggy. Never water the clivia to the point that there is standing water on the soil's surface. Reduce watering in the late fall and winter months when the plant enters dormancy. Water dormant clivia plants when the top 3 to 5 inches of soil becomes dry.

Fertilize the clivia with a 6-6-6 nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium formulation slow-release fertilizer every three months during the growing season. Apply at a rate of 1 teaspoon per square foot of soil. Spread the fertilizer in a ring around the clivia plant, keeping the granules 12 inches from its base. Rake the fertilizer into the top 3 inches of soil. Water the area thoroughly. Do not apply fertilizer while the plant is dormant.

Deadhead the clivia plant in the late spring when the flowers are spent. Cut through the base of the flower stalks with a pair of pruning shears. Make the cut 1/4 inch above the point where the flower stalk joins with the main plant. Discard the spent flowers in a trash bin or on top of a compost pile.

Spray the plant's foliage periodically with a steady stream of water to wash away dust and grime that may attract harmful insects. Wash the leaves in the early morning hours to give the foliage time to dry before nightfall.

Place slug and snail traps around the base of the plant to stop these pests from feeding on its foliage. Spray horticultural oil or insecticidal soap onto foliage infested with aphids, spider mites or scale.

Divide the clivia plant every three to five years. Dig up the plant in the spring, just after it has finished flowering. Dig in a ring around the plant, 12 inches away from its center with a shovel or trowel. Dig down to a depth of 10 inches and undercut the root ball to free it from the soil. Lift the plant from the ground and brush away excess soil. Pull the plant apart, separating individual stems with a healthy portion of the swollen roots. Replant the divisions, spacing multiple plants 18 to 24 inches apart. Do not plant clivia plants deeper than they were previously growing. Water the transplanted clivia plants thoroughly.

How to Grow And Care for a Clivia Plant

A burst of sun is what clivias offer when planted and cared for the right way. Grow this plant in your garden and enjoy its beauty.

A burst of sun is what clivias offer when planted and cared for the right way. Grow this plant in your garden and enjoy its beauty.

Just as its cousin, the amaryllis, clivia bears vibrant colored flowers on green strapy leaves. Native to southern Africa, clivia is a genus of monocot flowering plants belonging to the family Amaryllidaceae. It is also known by other names such as Kaffir lily or bush lily. One of the primary reasons that these are favored as houseplants is their capability to withstand unsuitable climatic conditions and yet thrive.

Clivia flowers are very similar in appearance to the amaryllis flowers, except that they are smaller and the cluster has more flowers in it. A rich bulbous flora, clivia has many societies dedicated to giving information about its growth habits and care. Its leaves are a bright green and shoot directly from the bulb in the soil. The plant may grow about 2-3 feet tall. Leaves arch gracefully as they are produced in an alternate sequence. Tall flower stalks shoot straight from the base point, and a healthy matured clivia will have minimum 3-4 shoots. Depending upon the variety, clivias may shoot a 20-inch flowering stem stalk close to the center of the plant, nestled among the rich green foliage. The flower stalks have no leaves. These flowers come in colors of red, orange, yellow, and some new pastel shades as well. Red-colored berries follow the flowers.

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How to Grow

Clivia is a summer plant, but can be grown successfully in winters too. It is preferably grown as a houseplant and is suitable for container gardening, as the plant only flowers when it reaches maturity. Most varieties bloom in spring.

  • Planting:
    This plant can be propagated by dividing clumps or rhizomes, or through seeds. Beneath the flesh of the round red berries borne by the plant, a seed pod is present. Sow them in a good potting mix, by just pressing them down halfway. Moisten the sowing medium. Once the seeds develop roots and sprouts, add more soil to cover the seed. Seedlings have a very slow growth rate. About 2-8 leaves is all it will develop in the first two years. Thus, starting this plant from seeds requires plenty of patience. Hence, division of clumps in spring is considered a better option. It can be easily planted in ground under large trees.

Plant the clumps in a gritty medium, with a peat-based soil-less potting mix, and some sand and gravel. They prefer soil with a pH balance between 5 and 6. Plant clumps in a container that will allow it plenty of space for growth. Clivias prefer being root bound, so moving or replanting every year is not a necessity to promote their growth. This plant flowers after it reaches maturity, that is after three or four years.

  • Plant Care:
    Water clivia indoors or outdoors only when the top soil becomes dry, as the plant will not survive excess watering. Position your plant in shade, especially in places where it is difficult to grow any other plant. They prefer dry environment and need to be protected from frost. Never leave the plant in full sun, as the delicate flowers and leaves will burn out. Feed with a liquid fertilizer during the summer months, but sparingly. Watch out for slugs, caterpillars, and snails that have quite a taste for clivia leaves, as untreated pests eat the base away, killing the plant.
  • Although clivias will only flower upon maturity, that would be a good couple of years from planting its clumps. So you will have to wait to enjoy the glory of its beautiful flowers.


    Botanical name: Clivia miniata

    Common names: Clivia or Kaffir Lily

    A little bit about Clivia

    Originally from South Africa, Clivias grow happily in most areas of Australia, brightening gardens from late winter to early spring.

    Clivia have strappy, dark green leaves and orange trumpet flowers propped above them on a stalk . T here are now also different varieties of Clivia available that produce red-orange, yellow and cream flowers and bi-colour varieties that are orange with a yellow throat. Decorative seed heads appear after flowering and ripen during winter.

    When a Clivia has 12 or 14 leaves it is considered mature and will be ready to flower. When grown from seed it will take about four to five years to mature.

    The ideal position for Clivia

    Clivia is best planted in low light areas of the garden. In full sun, plants will become bleached and stressed. Clivias do need protection from frost so in some areas they should be grown in pots that can be moved indoors or into a glasshouse during the winter.

    Potential height/length: About 50 centimetres high and up to 1 metre round.

    Like most plants Clivia look best when mass planted. They're ideal for borders, in clumps beneath trees that provide shade in summer, or as part of a lush tropical garden.

    They also grow well in containers so can be used in patio and balcony garden designs.

    Another plus is that Clivia flowers last a long time as cut flowers so you can enjoy the bright, happy flowers indoors and out.

    Caring tips

    Clivia hate hot and dry conditions but if planted in a suitable spot, caring for them is pretty simple.

    Water well in spring and summer but keep soil drier in autumn and winter to avoid root rot.

    If you don't want the plants to propagate, ensure you deadhead spent flowers.

    Use a complete organic fertiliser in spring and if your Clivia is in a pot, use a quality complete liquid fertiliser instead.

    Pests and diseases to watch out for

    Like all plants Clivia will avoid most problems if kept healthy. Remove any yellowing or dead leaves which can encourage pests to make a home and ensure good drainage as wet feet will cause root rot.

    Their strappy leaves can attract snails and slugs. Control by sprinkling pellets around the leaves of the plant.

    In hot or humid conditions, the black, grey and yellow striped Lily Caterpillar can be a problem. They attack in large numbers and can destroy the clump, so as soon as you notice leaves being munched on don't wait to take action. When you see signs of caterpillars, control with Success Ultra insecticide.

    Clivia have also been found to suffer from powdery mildew, which looks like tiny white circles on the leaves. To combat this disease, use Yates Zaleton Dual Action Systemic Fungicide.

    Watch the video: Reproducción y mantención de mi clivia.