Vegetable garden in the house
The vegetable garden at home is a relatively demanding, inexpensive, easily achievable system for growing in a comfortable protected environment of the freshest vegetables of varieties not only dwarf, not chemically treated, to be consumed by the family as soon as they are harvested with satisfaction at zero kilometer. With adequate planning and preparation, depending on the dedicated maintenance commitment, the harvest can also continue at will continuously throughout the year, even during the winter months, safely sheltered from climatic variations, cold temperatures, rain and wind. As the leaves grow, you can taste lettuce or spinach salads and you can discover more unusual varieties of vegetables than the ready-to-eat ones on the market.
As for logistics, the minimum necessary and adequate space to set up a vegetable garden in the house it can be obtained in any home.
Space and lighting
A light area with little obstruction is needed to house a clutter of vases exposed directly to sunlight for at least 5-6 a day, perhaps during the morning, indoors in front of a window preferably facing south or hanging nearby. In addition to many aromatic herbs, most of the vegetable species are perfectly suited to growing in pots indoors even longer than a season, placed on a pot holder, on a shelf present or mounted on purpose, on a trolley or on a mobile table with wheels moved behind the glass, but also in the context of an efficient installation for green walls with vertical cultivation as a solution of the latest interior design trend to expand derisory spaces. Gardening containers can become a decorative opportunity to prepare original creative compositions in shape and color that enliven the interior with groups of colored herbs and cherry tomatoes even in hanging baskets. As long as they continue to receive the necessary light, water and nutrients, a quantity of green leafy vegetables and large consumption tomatoes, not just dwarf varieties (chillies, peas), can grow inside with some precautions and attention (eg excessive heat in summer) without risking problems due to the composition of the soil or the attack of soil parasites as in the traditional outdoor vegetable garden. It would be even better to allocate the sunny window of a cool room to leafy vegetables (lettuce) and root vegetables (carrots, radishes) that take up little space and another in a warmer area, perhaps to the south, to species that need higher temperatures. , such as cucumbers, beans, tomatoes and peppers, which produce fruit over a period of time.
Any insufficient lighting on fruit vegetable plants (peppers, tomatoes) is signaled by an abnormal growth in length of the thinned stem, pale green like the leaves, reaching towards the source of natural light and, in the best of cases, from a state of weakness to not being able to flower and bear fruit (at best). During the year, but in particular during the winter months, the scarcity or lack of adequate natural lighting in the garden in the house can be solved with an additional fixed artificial light that emits a very similar light spectrum. To support, supplement or replace, the white-tone tubular or energy-saving neon fluorescent lamps positioned 5 centimeters from the top of the plant or, close together at a distance of 2 centimeters, must remain lit for 12 hours a day, also programmable. MG Envirolite of the latest generation specifically designed to optimize indoor cultivation. It therefore remains to consider whether to cultivate plants that will develop with a similar expansion in height or whether to provide a plant with a series of different lights.
In setting up a vegetable garden in the house it is necessary to optimize the available space in the best possible way by organizing smaller pots in groups or a smaller quantity of larger ones in terracotta or other material, taking into account that it may happen that you have to move them to make the most of the use of sunlight and that their aesthetic value affects depending on where they are placed. The dimensions of the containers must be proportionate in size in order to support the plants when they have fully developed the aerial part and in depth to provide adequate space for the growth and elongation of the roots. The small holes in the bottom must be covered with a little gravel to allow proper drainage and avoid the onset of rotting phenomena affecting the root system. Size and depth determine the type of vegetable they can host: for limited roots, such as lettuce roots (of even very decorative varieties), a depth of 20-25 cm is required, while to cultivate crops such as peppers, tomatoes and small aubergines, it must be 30-40 cm.
The intact and clean pots must be filled for at least three quarters with a rich soil, with a good structure, such as to guarantee correct drainage, maintain the necessary humidity and provide nutrients. The medium-textured soil to buy pre-packaged can contain a mixture of equal parts of earth, peat, perlite, vermiculite, or be universal but, at the start of each reservoir, it is better to add a little balanced and slow-release liquid fertilizer in the recommended doses on the product label. Subsequently, to leafy vegetables (chard, lettuce) liquid nitrogen-based additions can be reserved to promote a good harvest, to root vegetables and fruits (beet, pepper, tomato) instead fertilizers with potassium phosphate. In any case, it must be borne in mind that, compared to plants grown outdoors, those indoors have less need for fertilizers, growth is in any case slower and the earth in pots dries less quickly.
Sowing or transplanting
Once the containers with the slightly moist soil mixture have been prepared (possibly by pouring them with a little hot water), we proceed to sow by spreading fast-growing seeds evenly or to transplant following the instructions indicated. So you need to gently wet or spray the earth on the surface with water, taking care not to move the planted seeds. A label is attached to each pot bearing the name of the plant species, the variety and the date of sowing or transplanting. Subsequently, it is necessary to check that the developing seedlings, with two or three grown leaves, find an adequate space, otherwise it is necessary to thin them, transfer the overcrowded part into another container, in addition to providing any supports in time to avoid future root damage.
Since humidity can never be provided by rain, the garden in the house requires regular irrigation of a ration of water at room temperature (otherwise it causes a thermal shock to the roots) every day or every other day, as needed. since it is absorbed more slowly than outside. With the watering can you should not exaggerate or check the drip irrigation, as the excess of humidity predisposes the plants to root rot, remembering that terracotta pots or other porous material of smaller size allow evaporation in relatively longer times. quick. If you are a beginner, it is always better to pay attention to any signs of initial withering, especially during the winter when the heaters are on, and touch the ground around the plants to check the real water needs firsthand.
What to grow in the garden at home
Brightness and space permitting, theoretically there is no limit for the types of vegetables to be sown and grown at home, but obviously the smaller they are, the less they require a waste of land, water, fertilizer and possibly electric light. Usually we turn to species that at most stretch up to 2 meters in height, also considering that we do not have a work area designed and equipped as in a greenhouse in the home, but numerous species of small plants are however prolific and able to provide a more than satisfactory harvest. While those of cucumber, melon, pumpkin take up space in large pots, those of garlic (also produced by burying sprouting cloves), beets (at least to taste the boiled leaves), beets, carrots (variety a short root), spring onions, herbs (basil, chives, oregano, parsley, sage, thyme, etc.), beans and bush tomatoes, endive, lettuce, baby eggplant, chilli, peas, radishes and spinach. Sowing every 2 weeks continues to collect lettuce leaves starting from when 2 or 3 of them appear, also to let the others grow better and in a month or so part of the young plants is again to be taken, checking that after 6-8 weeks they do not begin to ripen to seed, a sign that they must be completely removed. The cress leaves can be cut with scissors from the plants after about ten days of cultivation and so with the excess valerianella after 2-3 weeks from sowing while waiting for the plants to wait for the same time.
Only at home can you grow the easiest vegetables from grow indoors absolutely, ideal test bed for children: all those with edible leaf from special seeds for fast growing germination available in natural food stores, such as alfalfa, sunflower, lentils, corn, barley, soy, rye, etc. Just soak the seeds overnight, drain them, place them in a germinator or in a low and wide container, cover completely with a double layer of gauze closed with an elastic or a string and store in a constantly warm place. By rinsing and draining the seeds 2-3 times a day, after 3-5 days the nutritious sprouts are ready for harvesting and to flavor a mixed salad.
Kits for the garden at home
The most innovative systems for the continuous cultivation of indoor vegetable plants supplied in complete kits with a self-sufficient compact module intended for small, more expensive but affordable spaces, exploit techniques based on two different soilless technologies: hydroponics, a 'floating system' floating panel with sterile substrate of inert material in water and nutrients and, for accelerated harvests, the recent aeroponics with nebulization of nutrients in solution on the roots in the environment. In an area sheltered from the sun, you can place a 'grow box' (cultivation tent) or a 'grow room' (closed cabinet), indoor greenhouses for growing indoors all year round, even out of season and in winter, which create an ideal environment for plant growth in controlled conditions (humidity, temperature, photoperiod, etc.) with automated devices (artificial light, ventilation, etc.).
Sweet potato as a houseplant
Still using a transparent container, immerse the sweet potato, taking care not to immerse it all but only a small part. Keep the container in a dark and humid place.
Shoots should usually be seen after two weeks. Move the container to a bright area but not in direct sunlight. The only thing to do is top up the water when the level drops.
To avoid rot, a small piece of vegetable carbon can be added to the water. This plant will grow visibly and in spring it will bloom making the house full of color. The flowers are bell-shaped pink and white.
How to make a home garden without a garden with a hydroponic greenhouse
Hydroponic cultivation, or hydroculture, is carried out out of the ground. The earth is replaced by an inert substrate and the plant is irrigated with a nutrient solution made of water and compounds. It is a technique that allows healthy and quality crops throughout the year. Knowing it is important to understand how to make a vegetable garden without a garden. A hydroponic greenhouse for plants is an excellent solution to get a smart garden wherever you want. It is a completely organic indoor garden suitable for all seeds on the market. Small size, intelligent control that reminds you when there is no water and LED light with integrated timer, adjustable in height for plants up to 27cm.
7 things to know to grow a vegetable garden at home
"What all gardening enthusiasts know and you may discover is that there is no better balm for the soul than planting seeds," Charlotte Mendelson wrote a few days ago on New Yorker praising the positive effects of gardening indoors. Gardening is in fact an activity often recommended by mental health experts because it is good for the mood and helps relieve feelings of anxiety and sadness, which we complain and fear more than usual these days.
In this period, gardening is an excuse to spend some time outdoors and an activity that fits perfectly with the hobby of cooking, to which many have been dedicating themselves with particular enthusiasm for a few weeks. It is also a pastime in which children can be involved, and an opportunity to teach them - or learn with them, for the less experienced - something new. The ideal way to practice it would be to have a garden or a terrace, but a small balcony or a spacious window sill can also be fine.
How to organize the space
Setting up a small vegetable garden requires less space than you might think: it depends on the plants, but most don't need as much soil and can also grow very well in a pot on the balcony. The important thing is to organize the spaces effectively.
One way to do this has been studied by Bama, a company that has been dealing with products for the garden and for the home for forty years: its "Garden" is a system of three 80 cm wide planters that rest on a structure stepped. Each "floor" is spacious enough to accommodate even three or four plants and the distribution in height allows to optimize even a small space, as well as to give all plants a good exposure to light: just have an area of 74 by 80 centimeters, in a sunny position but not too much.
The planters have a saucer for water, from which the vegetable garden can be watered, and the supporting structure has wheels, so that it can be easily moved. There is also a storage compartment for storing gardening tools.
Alternatively, you can use simple pots: both plastic and terracotta are fine, while metal ones should be avoided because they risk overheating and evaporating the water. The most suitable for giving plants the space they need to grow are large and at least 50 centimeters deep pots: if they are very large, you can always add other plants.
How to choose the balcony (if you have more than one)
In terms of exposure to light, each plant has its own needs and the ideal is to inquire every time you buy a new one. In general, however, it is best to choose a balcony facing south west or south east. Those facing north remain in the shade for most of the day, so they are not the best for plants. On those facing south, the risk is that the sun beats too hard and too long. In addition to the orientation of the balcony, however, the presence of walls or "obstacles" must also be considered and remember that a vegetable garden must receive at least 7 hours of sunshine a day.
Those who have a balcony overlooking a busy street can cover their garden with a non-woven fabric, which allows light and air to pass but not fine dust.
How to transplant already grown seedlings
Prile is the ideal month to transplant plants that have already grown, especially if you are a beginner or if you want to see the fruits of your work immediately. You can start with perennial aromatic plants such as basil, rosemary and sage. Mint is also suitable, but it is best to plant it in a pot on its own as the roots are very weed. In this period, these plants can be purchased from nurseries that do online deliveries and are also easily found in some supermarkets.
Before decanting you need to prepare a large pot or a planter with a base of gravel or expanded clay and then mix soil and sand (about a tenth) and press it. After preparing the pot, you can proceed by gently extracting the seedlings from the jars in which they are located: the roots and the soil will remain attached in a block that must be crumbled a little before being placed in the earth of the pot. Once the transfer has been completed, everything must be watered abundantly. Spices are hardy plants and give immediate satisfaction, but you can do the same thing with other plants as well.
How to make the cuttings
Another way to enrich a vegetable garden without having to start from sowing is to use cuttings, or twigs of plants which, detached and placed in water or in the earth, make new roots and grow independently. The cuttings method does not work with all plants, but there are many that you can try: it can be done for example with mint, rosemary and basil, if you want aromatic plants, as well as with certain flowering plants, like chrysanthemums, gorse and forsythia. These days cuttings can be the best solution if you don't have the ability to order online and you don't have any shops near your home to buy plants or seeds: you can cut the twigs of the plants you already have at home or make one. exchange with neighbors.
Once the twigs have been cut, they should be placed in glass jars or jars filled with water, in a warm place and not exposed to direct light: the first roots will sprout in a few days. Then they can be moved into pots, always placing a base of gravel or clay and on top of well-pressed soil.
How to sprout seeds
Finally, we can start from the seeds. It is the most demanding route, but also the most satisfying one if all goes well. A germination tray is usually used to germinate seeds indoors, but you can also use an egg container: just make small holes in the bottom. Then you have to fill each "station" with small quantities of earth and put two or three seeds in each: usually the harder ones are pushed under the surface, while the softer ones are left resting, but it is better to read the instructions sold together with the seeds or search online for directions to the plant you are dealing with. To wet the seeds just sprinkle drops on them, gently, and make sure the soil is moist.
To give the seeds the right humidity, you must then cover the entire tray with cling film or a plastic bag, making small holes to let the air pass. The germination trays should be kept indoors because they need a temperature between 18 and 24 degrees. When the first small leaves begin to appear, you can move the buds into the pots, using a spoon and making sure not to tear off the small roots.
These are general indications but each seed has its own needs, so it is always better to inquire before proceeding with sowing. For example, the seeds of lemons, oranges and mandarins can germinate even in damp absorbent paper.
How to choose what to sow
In general, almost everything that can be grown in a real vegetable garden can be grown, with some precautions, even in pots. The only vegetables that don't grow well in pots are those that need a lot of space, such as squash (unless you find a very small species), potatoes and tubers in general. Asparagus and artichokes are also not very recommended if you are not an expert because they are perennials and very demanding. For the rest, the choice is very wide, the only thing to take into account is that each vegetable has its own time of year to be planted, so before choosing the plants you need a little planning.
Among the vegetables that can be grown on a balcony, the easiest are there lettuce and the rocket salad: a sachet of seeds costs a few cents, they can be planted all year round and after about a month they can already be harvested and eaten. But they should be very wet, as well as basil. The aromatic plants, in particular parsley, rosemary, sage, thyme, oregano and marjoram give a lot of satisfaction because they are resistant, perennial and are satisfied with little space.
The strawberries they are very easy to grow on the balcony, they need little space and are one of the most used plants to bring even the most skeptical children closer to gardening. The best time to plant them is spring.
The beets, the rocket salad, the ribs and the turnip greens they can be planted from April to the end of June, but they are not very recommended vegetables because they produce few quantities at a time. April is also the right month to plant some plants legumes such as beans and peas, even if they are usually very voluminous and give little yield: the most recommended is the green beans, because pods are also eaten. However, legume plants have the advantage of being natural fertilizers for the soil, so they can be used to nourish the land that you already have, perhaps in view of a subsequent sowing.
Most types of cabbage (especially cabbage, cabbage, black cabbage, Brussels sprouts and broccoli) can be planted in autumn, when other plants die from low temperatures.
Pumpkins, courgettes, melons, watermelons and cucumbers (called plants cucurbits) need a lot of space and a lot of care so they are not the most recommended for those who have little available. If you want to try it anyway, zucchini and cucumbers are the most manageable.
THE tomatoes, the eggplant and i peppers they need very large pots, at least 50 centimeters in diameter and 30/40 deep, and require abundant light and water, but they are very common on balconies because they give many very consistent fruits.
For those who have a balcony with little exposure to sunlight, chicory, cabbage, chard and parsley do not need too much light. For those looking for garden plants that also make beautiful flowers, the best are chillies, beets, strawberries, cherry tomatoes and courgettes.
How to water
The ideal time to wet the plants is when the sun sets, so the water does not evaporate immediately but has the whole night to be absorbed. In general, it is better to wet a little and often, rather than a lot all together: it is important that the water does not stagnate because you risk suffocating the plant or causing it to rot. Better not to wet the plants "in rain", but pour the jet directly on the ground, preferably on the edges: the water will gradually reach the plants without the risk of creating a thermal shock.
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How to grow peppers
There pepper cultivation it requires a lot of sun and for this reason, whether it is a garden or a vegetable garden, sowing in pots it must take place outdoors. In the central and northern areas, where temperatures are lower, pepper cultivation usually takes place in a seedbed heated consisting of close rows of about five centimeters. When the seedlings are formed of robust leaves, they can be transplanted to an area where they will be able to collect the sun to feed the emerging fruits.
Ground cultivation of the pepper must respect the hunger for light of this plant, so the plant must take into account the space between the various plants and the various rows, which must be about 60 cm. There sowing of pepper it must be supported by fertilization because from the plant, at the time of the formation of the robust plant, the pepper is too weak to absorb the necessary sun.
For a growth optimal of your peppers we suggest you to use tools that are supportive
During planting, insert grafting cones into the soil to give the crops a specific direction.